Who were the brothers Morić?

Prof. dr. Đenana Buturović
18. January 2020
Emina Sefić – the beauty from the most famous song of Aleksa Šantić
2. March 2020

Who were the brothers Morić?

In the middle of the 18th century, two brothers lived in Sarajevo who were wealthy merchants: Hadschi Mehmed-aga, called Pašo and Ibrahim-aga Morić, descendants of Mustafa-aga, who had been a jenissary with the title Serdengecti (Storm Troopers) and mother Amina.
This was the period after the Battle of Banja Luka, when the Bosniaks, without the help of Constantinople, defeated the superior Austrian army and even higher taxes were imposed on them as a “reward”.

Anarchy in Bosnia

As a result, the population sought refuge in Bosnia and anarchy developed.

“At that time, neither the Pasha, nor the commander, the judge, nor even the Ulema (clergy) was respected…”, writes a chronicler of that time – Mula Mustafa Bašeskija.

Among the leaders of frequent rebellions against the Ottoman authorities in Sarajevo were the two brothers Morić from Vekil-Harč, a district near Alifakovac.

According to tradition, the Morić’s not only fought against the authorities but were also involved in disputes with the Halilbašić’s, who lived on the opposite side of the Miljacka. The supporters of these two respected Sarajevo families had fought each other in the city like two hostile armies.

It is said that the Morić’s were thugs and perpetrators of violence – they are said to have sat down in the middle of the Šeher-ćehajina bridge and pulled out their long pipes so that they touched each other. They sat there for hours, chatting and smoking. Meanwhile, no one was allowed to cross the bridge.

It is also true that they confiscated a garden on the right side of the Miljacka from the foundation of the city founder Isa-beg Ishaković However, not for themselves, but to make it part of the foundation of their own Vekil-Harč mosque. According to the historian Hamdija Kreševljaković, this would have put one foundation at a disadvantage in order to help the other, weaker ones.

When the authorities had enough of anarchy in Sarajevo, the Morić’s were captured in early March 1757.
The most likely version of their arrest is that they were arrested after afternoon prayer in the Bakr-Baba mosque on At-Mejdan and then led in chains to the Sarajevo fortress where they were judged and then strangled.

The ballad about the brothers Morić

The brothers Morić are buried at the cemetery of the Vekil-Harč Mosque, also known as the Haji Mosque, near the Inat House. They lie next to their father Mustafa-aga and mother Amina. On the mosque wall, there is a memorial plaque in honour of Mehmed and Ibrahim Morić.

“The brothers Morić, Hadji Mehmed and Ibrahimaga,
were suddenly a deadly and bitter wind and killed her instantly.
They left behind a mother of sorrow, may God have mercy on them.
In one breath the date was written. – Eternal death occurred to them in 1170.”

The arrest of the brothers Morić and their execution were immortalized in the ballad, most likely written by one of their successors.

According to the research of Prof. Dženana Buturović at least 28 versions of this ballad were found, which was also translated into several other languages.

The son of Ibrahim-aga Morić, Mustafa, was named after his grandfather. At the beginning of the 19th century, Mustafa became the tenant of the caravanserai (Han), which belonged to the Gazi Husrev-beg Foundation and still bears the name – Morića han.

Although it is not possible to stay overnight in the Han, visitors can rest there, as the Han has several cafes and a restaurant with traditional Bosnian specialties.

(Source: znamo.ba /Priča o braći Morić)

THE SONG ABOUT THE DEATH OF THE BROTHERS MORIĆ

Ferman dođe iz Stambola,
Bujruntija iz Travnika,
Baš u šeher-Sarajevo,
A na ruke Dizdar-agi,
Da hvataju dva Morića,
Dva Morića, dva pašića,
Morić Ibru, Morić Pàšu;
Da hvataju, da ih vežu,
Da ih vežu i osude.
Sultanu su dodijali,
Po tužbama iz Travnika,
Iz Travnika od vezira,
Da Morići, odmetnici
Ne kabule ni sultana,
Ni sultana, ni vezira,
Nit’ i kaki gospodara,
Veće sami gospodare,
Gospodare kako hoće.

Kad vidio Dizdar-aga
Što mu kaže bujruntija,
Hršum čini haskeriji,
Da hvataju dva Morića,
Da hvataju, da ih vežu,
Da ih vežu, da ih vode
Pravo gradu u tavnicu.
Gdje no Dizdar brzo kroji —
Ko omrkne, ne osvane.
Uhvatiše dva Morića,
Uhvatiše, savezaže,
Savezaše, povedoše,
Baš kad majka pitu suče: —
U ruci joj oklagija,
A u drugoj zlatan ibrik;
Haber dođe staroj majci,
Da Moriće uhvatiše,
U tavnicu povedoše.

Kad to čula stara majka,
Sve je jadna pobacala,
Po avliji, po kaldrmi —
Oklagiju prelomila,
Zlatan ibrik ulupila,
Pa poletje iz avlije,
Bosonoga, gologlava,
Figanj čini, kose čupa,
Vas Hat-mejdan rasplakala.

Pa eto je u Sarače:
„Jazuk vama svi Sarači!
Što pustiste dva Morića?
Što mi jednog neoteste,
Ili kako izmoliste?
Ko će mene utješiti?
Ko li staru prigledati?”
Pišći stara kao guja,
I Sarači zaplakaše.
Otlen pođe uz Kovače,
Ruke lomi, a govori:
„Jazuk vama svi Kovači!
Što pustiste, dva Morića?
Što mi jednog neoteste,
Ili kako izmoliste?
Ko će mene utješiti?
Ko li staru prigledati?
Teško meni jadnoj majci!”

Opet leti stara majka
Pravo brdu uz Kovače,
Dok je stigla Dizdar-agu,
Di joj vodi oba sina,
Oba sina savezana
Sinđirima debelijem.
Bir ih stiže jadna majka,
Bir ih stiže, pred njih pade,
Pred njih pade — molit stade.
Lijepo moli stara majka:

„Bogom brate Dizdar-aga,
Pusti meni jednog sina,
Pusti meni ja li Ibru,
Ja li Ibru, ja li Pašu,
Išći mala! koliko ćeš?
Il’ čiflukâ, ili kmetâ?
Ili voliš suha zlata?

Samo jednog daj mi sina!
Ako li mi pustit ne ćeš,
Kunem ti se dinom mojim,
A i postom ramazanom
Zaklinjaću nebo, zemlju —
Učiniću tešku dovu,
Ni kad mira biti ne će
Ni sultanu, ni veziru,
Dok nad Bosnom oni budu.
A ni tebi dobra nije!”

Kad to čuo Dizdar-aga,
Progovara staroj majci:
„Vrat’ se natrag stara majko,
Pustiću ti oba sina,
Oba sina bez dinara”.
Prevari se stara majka,
Prevari se, pa se vrati;
Ciče-halke u sinđira —
Povedoše dva Morića.

Kad su bili na Jekovcu,
Progovara Morić Ibro:
„A borati Dizdar-aga,
Zastavi der nubečije,
Oprosti mi b’jele ruke,
I dodaj mi tamburicu,
Da pogledam po Saraj’vu,
Nebi li mi lakše bilo!”
Kad to čuo Dizdar-aga,
Zaustavi jasakčije,
Naokolo nubečije,
Oprosti mu b’jele ruke,
Dodade mu tamburicu.
Ja da vidiš Morić Ibre,
Kad se lati tamburice —
Pritegnu joj tanke žice,
Pa zakuca i zapjeva —
Sitno kuca Morić Ibro,
Sitno kuca, jasno pjeva:

„Dunjaluče, golem ti si!
Sarajevo, sehir ti si!
Baščaršijo, gani ti si!
Ćemalušo, duga ti si!
Latinluče, ravan ti si!
Tašlijanu, širok ti si!
L’jepa Maro, l’jepa ti si!!
Dosta si me napojila,
Od dušmana zaklonila,
Vakat došo valja mrijeti!!”

Opet Ibru savezaše,
Savezaše, povedoše,
Morić Ibru, Morić Pášu,
I u grad ih dovedoše,
U tavnicu zatvoriše.
Kad je bilo po akšamu,
Progovara Dizdar-aga:
„Izvedite dva Morića.
Donesite svilen gajtan!

Izvedoše dva Morića,
Donesoše svilen gajtan,
Udaviše Morić Pášu;
Sve to gleda Morić Ibro.
Progovara Dizdar-aga:
„A borati Morić Ibro,
Jel’ ti žao tvoga brata?”
Progovara Morić Ibro:
„Jes’ mi žao moga brata!
Još žalije stare majke!!”.
Udaviše dva Morića,
Pred kapiju izbaciše
I dva topa opališe.

Kad to čula stara majka,
Poletjela stara majka —
Kad je bila na kapiju,
Al’ joj leže oba sina,
Oba sina udavljena;
Na nogama bukagije,
Na rukama lisičine,
Oko vrata svilen gajtan,
Kad to vidje stara majka
Od jada joj srce puklo.

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